Wondering what is CBD isolate and how does it compare to full-spectrum cannabidiol? You’ve come to the right place. The difference between isolate and full-spectrum is one of the most important when it comes to hemp. Let’s consider how exactly these types of cannabidiol differ, and how to decide which is best for you.
To understand CBD isolate vs full-spectrum oil, it’s crucial to know what CBD is, where it comes from, and how it’s extracted in the first place.
For starters, CBD is the abbreviated name for cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is a compound–also called a cannabinoid–found in both hemp and cannabis plants. However, all cannabidiol-containing products that you see sold are derived from hemp, which is legal in all 50 states. And contrary to cannabis, hemp contains a maximum of 0.3 percent THC, meaning that it cannot get you high.
Similarly, just because cannabidiol and THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, are both cannabinoids, this does not mean that the effects they produce are in any way similar. More scientifically, cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive compound, meaning that it cannot produce the effects associated with the ‘high’ of THC.
For his reason, people can safely choose to take cannabidiol-containing products such as CBD oil, topicals, gummies, and vape juice, without worrying about impacting their day-to-day activities.
What Are the Benefits of Taking CBD Isolate and Full Spectrum?
According to research and personal accounts, the benefits of taking hemp products range far and wide.
- For some, CBD oil for anxiety can reduce stress levels and promote better sleep–without the negative side effects of pharmaceutical medication.
- For others, CBD oil for pain management offers long-term chronic pain relief for arthritis, Irritable Bowel Disease, and reduce general inflammation.
- Overall, cannabidiol can produce a calming, balancing effect that may lead to better quality sleep, assuaging skin conditions, reducing pain and inflammation, and improving one’s mood.
Though research on the benefits of CBD isolate and full-spectrum oil is a growing field, initial studies and widespread adoption suggest that cannabidiol is a promising medical and medicinal compound.
Hemp Products Contain Either CBD Isolate or Full Spectrum Oil
One of the main factors that distinguish CBD products from one another is the type of hemp oil that they contain. For many, the differences between CBD isolate and full spectrum are enough to choose one product over another.
What Is CBD Isolate?
For starters, what is CBD isolate and how could it produce different effects?
Isolate contains approximately 99 percent pure cannabidiol. It does not contain any other plant residue, including other cannabinoids, terpenes, chlorophyll, and other plant matter that occur naturally in hemp.
Though both these types of cannabidiol are extracted in a similar process, CBD isolate undergoes another purification step. This ‘isolates’ the compound notably from other cannabinoids, producing a powder that is almost completely cannabidiol/
How Does Full-Spectrum CBD Differ?
Though the oil used to make full-spectrum products contains a concentrated amount of cannabidiol, this cannabinoid is not its only ingredient. As its name would suggest, full-spectrum gummies, tinctures and topicals contain many different cannabinoids including CBD, CBN, THC, and others.
They also contain terpenes and other antioxidant compounds found in hemp plant matter.
The Main Distinction Between Isolate and Full Spectrum
The biggest difference between CBD isolate and full-spectrum is that isolate does not contain any THC. As THC is the primary component responsible for producing a high, some people find its absence from CBD isolate as reassuring.
Full-spectrum cannabidiol products do contain THC. But it’s important to remember that they can only contain a maximum of 0.3 percent THC. Due to the 2018 Farm Bill, all hemp grown in the United States can only have 0.3 percent of the psychoactive compound.
As CBD gummies, topicals, vape oil, and other products can only be made from hemp, they contain only trace amounts of THC. This is far from enough to produce any sort of psychoactive effect.
Is CBD Isolate or Full Spectrum Preferable?
Previously CBD isolate was thought to be preferable because it was though to deliver more of the benefits of cannabidiol.
However, a study conducted at Jeruslamen’s Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology discovered the reverse to be true: full-spectrum cannabidiol produced more anti-inflammatory effects than CBD isolate. Additionally, full spectrum’s benefits increased with the dosage. The same was not true of isolate.
Some attribute the benefits of full-spectrum to a process called the Entourage Effect. This is when cannabinoids, terpenes and other compounds that exist side-by-side in nature are ingested, their benefits are amplified, rather than decreased.
Full Spectrum CBD’s Other Compounds
In line with the Entourage Effect, some find that CBD vape oil and other hemp products’ benefits are not contingent on the compound cannabidiol alone. In other words, CBN, CBG, CBC, THCA, and THCV all have benefits of their own. According to research, these could include:
- CBN as antibacterial (Journal of Natural Products)
- CBG as neuroprotective (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
- CBC to assuage pain (British Journal of Pharmacology)
- CBDA as anti-vomiting agent (British Journal of Pharmacology)
- THCA as anti-nausea agent (JPP Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology)
- THCV as anti-inflammatory (British Journal of Pharmacology)
There is more research on THC and cannabidiol available today. However, that does not mean that other cannabinoids do not have advantages of their own. They can also add to the benefits of full-spectrum CBD products through the Entourage Effect.
Deciding Between CBD Isolate and Full Spectrum
Some prefer the reassurance of not consuming any THC. However, research suggests that full-spectrum cannabidiol is more effective than CBD isolate. And the more we learn about the benefits of cannabidiol, the better we begin to understand the compounds around it. Just as before no one knew about cannabidiol, we will steadily learn more about CBN, CBG, CBC, and other compounds.