Hemp Cultivation in USA
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The situation in USA: Cultivate Hemp in the US of A and go to jail for a long, long time. This Country is a wanna be Hemp cultivation nation. For other articles see events page or answer 20.
Industrial Hemp Farm in Hawaii Shut Down
Farm Bureau Policy #67 Industrial Hemp Production
Zero Tolerance on Hemp from Canada
271 million lbs. of toxics found in fertilizers in USA!
State Auditors Report on the Domestic (US) Cannabis Eradication
Did you know that tobacco and other harmful crops have been subsidized with Billions since the 30's!
How could it be that the taxpayer is paying for subsidized smoking in the USA?
Where is the Hemp?
USA get a clue!
HempCyberFarm is doing USA State by State Now!
Industrial Hemp: Gaining Respect With U.S. Farmers
Great Hemp Quilt
New Industrial Hemp Company in Northern Wisconsin Plans Public Educational meetings!
American Hemp Culture Verbatim
Further facts and links related to USA
From: davewest firstname.lastname@example.org
Subject: Agri Alternatives
Harvesting Innovation & Technology For Americas Farmers!
July / August 1997 (800) 552-7265
Industrial Hemp: Gaining Respect With
- Industrial hemp produces high quality fibers, seeds, and oils
Mention the word hemp and people snicker. Members of the North American Industrial Hemp Council (NAIHC) understand this. Their first goal is to get a little respect. They want to change public perception by distancing their product from its illegal and distinctly different cousin, marijuana.
Theyd like Americans to understand what is already apparent to the rest of the world (USA get a clue!)- that industrial hemp produces high quality fibers, seeds, and oils that have 350 to 400 value-added uses. Finally, they want to change laws and prepare the way for this ancient crop to once again be a viable crop for American farmers that will spawn new industries, create jobs and pump millions of dollars into the U.S. economy.
It isnt just a pipe dream (no pun intended) for John Roulac, secretary of the NAIHC. This serious young man in button-down shirt and dark suit is an articulate proponent of hemp. Hes joined on the Council by credible, educated and conservative farmers and businessmen from throughout the U.S. and Canada.
There are two varieties of the hemp plant cannabis sativa: one is pot, the other is industrial hemp. Roulac and others on the NAIHC freely admit they must rid their product of its counter-culture image. Although theyre in the same family, theyre not anything alike, Roulac says. He used dogs as an analogy. Theyre both canines, but you wouldnt have any trouble telling a rottweiler from a poodle.
Industrial hemp contains 1 percent, or less, of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the substance which causes marijuanas euphoric effect. Hemp has no psychoactive qualities: You couldnt get high, even if you smoked a thousand hemp cigarettes, Roulac says. It is also grown differently.
Industrial hemp is produced for fiber, not the leaves. It is planted closely, like corn, and shoots skyward in long, slender stalks. Some 300 hemp plants are grown in a square yard, whereas only one marijuana plant is grown in the same area to reap the benefits of its buds.
Hemp requires little management beyond irrigation, and no pesticides. Its fast growth overrides weeds, so herbicides arent used either. But the bottom line, say Hemp Council representatives, is they want to learn just what the bottom line is. They want to be able to grow hemp in research plots in a number of locations and soils in a number of locations and soils to test production costs and obtain yield data. They also want to see if there is a sufficient market for it and learn if it can be competitive with other fiber crops to make paper and textiles.
Hemp dates back at least 10,000 years. Man made the first rope by stripping apart the hemp stalks long, sinewy fibers. Chinese, as early as 4,500 B.C., made fish nets with it and later, paper. Hemp production was so important to commerce in the Colonial period that is 1640 the governor of Connecticut made cultivation of hemp mandatory.
Presidents Washington and Jefferson were hemp farmers, and the first two drafts of the Declaration of Independence were written on hemp paper. It gained even more potential in 1917 when a machine to separate hemp fiber from the stalk was invented. In the early 1930s, the term chemurgy was coined to describe the bringing together of agriculture and the organic chemical industry. Proponents touted the idea that anything could be made from a hydrocarbon could be made from a carbohydrate.
Auto maker Henry Ford even went so far as to build an almost indestructible prototype car from hemp and sisal cellulose plastic. Magazine articles hailed hemp as the New Billion Dollar Crop. But production, research and further development diminished when Congress passed the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937. It levied an onerous tax of $1 per ounce on hemp manufacturers, distributors and every Hemp transaction. It was supposed to exclude farmers, but only a few in Wisconsin continued to grow hemp into the 1950s when they let their permits lapse.
Hemp was placed under the Drug Enforcement Administrations 1972 Controlled Substance Act. Although DEA has the right to allow growing permits, it isnt eager to hand them out. Industrial Hemp proponents would like to see crop oversight shifted to the USDA.
Seed stock is another drawback to re-igniting the industry. Because of declining interest in the crop and its sullied reputation, all the seed held by USDA in the Colorado germ plasma repository was destroyed. Now, industrial hemp seed has to be bought from Europe. It is scarce and expensive.
Erwin A. Bud Sholts is the NAIHC chairman and strongly favors research and development of hemp in the U.S. He is an economist and 31-year veteran of the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture whose title is Director of Agricultural Development and Diversification. Sholts expects legislation to allow hemp research to move forward in 12 to 16 states this year. Were two years into a seven-year phase-out of commodity support programs, says Sholts. Wed better have some crop alternatives ready to help farmers make money.
It will be interesting to see if reason prevails over paranoia. After all, industrial hemp is grown in 26 countries. International trade agreements (GATT and NAFTA) recognize movement and trade of industrial hemp by designating a limit of 0.3 percent THC content. China, Hungary, Romania and Thailand are the four largest exporters of hemp to the U.S. England, France, Germany and Australia have enacted policies to attract foreign currency by growing hemp.
Sholts says England has set up a hemp permitting process for farmers and has had no problems. Their inspectors go into the fields a few times a year. They snip some leaves and test them. If it tests above the THC threshold, its burned in the field. They havent had to destroy any yet, Sholts says, and they dont even have fences around their fields. Sholts is convinced hemp will be attractive to American textile and paper producers. Hemp has a fiber length of 6-7 millimeters; whereas wood and kenaf fibers are generally about half that length. He says a drawback to paper recycling operations is a breakdown in the sludge and fiber strength after it has been done a few times. Just add some hemp to it and it can be used indefinitely, Sholts predicts.
Hemp is currently getting a big play in the fashion industry with catalog sales and new businesses popping up weekly. All use imported materials. Hemp clothing typically lasts 10 years, compared with five for cotton and hemp is said to breathe better than any other fabric. Big-name designers Giorgi Armani, Calvin Klein and Ralph Lauren are reportedly increasing hemp use in their clothing lines.
As to public perception, NAIHC believes change is well under way. In January, there were in-depth articles about hemp in the Washington Post and U.S. News and World Report. The conservative 4.5 million-member American Farm Bureau Federation enacted policy in January 1996 supporting industrial hemp research.
In Kentucky, where hemp was a mainstay crop in the 1700s, a Governors Task Force studied Industrial hemp potential. Gale Glen, a beef and tobacco farmer from Winchester, Ky., who now sits on the NAIHC, was appointed to the blue ribbon panel. Although she readily admits the two-year efforts of the task force failed to get action by the legislature, we did get rid of the snicker factor. There was plenty of public debate about the differences in hemp and pot. I stood up there as a 66-year-old grand mother - I sure dont want my grandchildren exposed to drugs, but I defended the need for farmers to have the option of growing hemp as a rotational crop.
Glenn says after the task force finished its work, the Kentucky Hemp Growers Cooperative Association had the University of Kentucky survey public opinion from a broad cross section of Kentucky citizens. Results showed 77 percent of them knew what industrial hemp was and the same percentage felt farmers of Kentucky should be allowed to grow it.
Industrial hemp is gaining momentum in the South, due partially to the development and marketing strategies of two southern companies. Industrial Ag Innovations of Poplar Bluff, Mo., has pioneered the use of Industrial hemp in construction materials with the development of MDF board, manufactured with Industrial hemp core and an agricultural-based resin. They are also prepared to provide seed to U.S. farmers. The company has campaigned for legislation allowing Missouri farmers to grow Industrial hemp domestically.
Industrial Ag Innovations was founded by Boyd Vancil, a third generation farmer from southeast Missouri. We have established a local value-adding chain in order to manufacture products within the community, Vancil says of his approach to encourage local farmers about the potential for local (hemp) markets to increase.
The Galloway Fields Company, located near Memphis, Tenn., was formed by Dr. John Diggs and Dr. Anne Cook. The company researches economic possibilities for Industrial hemp in the South. We are excited about the possibility to create two products on the farm from one crop - this will give a better profit margin to the farmer, says Diggs. Industrial hemp is composed of one layer of outer fiber called the bast and an inner layer of wood called hurd. These two layers each have different end-market uses. The Galloway Fields Co., also publishes a newsletter describing the impact Industrial hemp can make in the South. Both companies actively seek markets for Industrial hemp fiber and hurd by providing samples for testing, product development services, and market evaluations.
INDUSTRIAL HEMP COMPANY IN NORTHERN WISCONSIN
PLANS PUBLIC EDUCATIONAL MEETINGS
Ashland, WI - Two entrepreneurs, Tom Fabjance and Jordan Grunow of Marengo, WI are starting a diversified business based on hemp. One of the key factors in their decision is the rapidly growing market for hemp based consumer items. As more states consider and pass bills to legalize hemp for industrial and medical purposes, the business climate should continue to improve. Education is a important element of their business plan for several reasons.
Farmers interested in growing industrial hemp will need to know about emerging markets of the value added sustainable crop. The public needs to know about the quality and durability of hemp based items. To advance these issues, THE PENOKEE MOUNTAIN HEMP COMPANY is both hosting and appearing at several events this spring.
The most important of these is the meeting at the Ashland Experimental Farm, U.S. 2 West, Ashland, WI Sat, May 16th 1997 at 2:00 pm. Bud Sholts, Director of Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, and Division of Marketing will be the keynote speaker. He will address the state of Wisconsin's pro-hemp position. Mike Mlynarek, superintendent of the experimental farm will speak on the University of Wisconsin's efforts in the hemp industry.
Samples of hemp based textiles, food and products will be available for inspection and sale. Informative literature will also be made available. Penokee Mountain Hemp Company will also attend the Ashland Farm Show, at the Civic Center in Ashland, Saturday April 13th.
They are also making plans to attend the Renewable Energy Fair, Amherst, WI, June 20-22 1997. "Penokee Mountain Hemp Company intends to grow into an industrial operation as the market for hemp in the United States improves.
In the mean time, a internet/mail order catalog, retail store and home based light industrial sewing operation are all in the works," notes Fabjance. "Due to the closing of several stitching plants, there is a large experienced sewing pool in the Ashland area," says Grunow. "The workers will sew pre cut hemp items at home. Insulative window shades, furniture upholstering, household items and high fashion garments are but a few of the items, both practical and artistic, that are currently being developed."
Penokee Mountain Hemp Company is committed to environmentally safe industrial
development in Northern Wisconsin as well as helping invigorate the agricultural and dairy
industries in the region.
- END -
For further information contact:
Jordan Grunow or
Penokee Mountain Hemp Company
tel (715) 278-3937
fax (715) 278-3530
Jordan Grunow and Tom Fabjance will be available for interviews by phone selected times prior to above scheduled events. To arrange a convenient interview time, please call (715) 278-3937 or (715) 278-3540.
An IHA article:
American Hemp Culture Verbatim
Subscription price for the Journal of the International Hemp Association $50 per year, is low compared to the quality, wealth and breadth of information. An excerpt of one of IHAs Journals follows below. Judge for yourself.
The scientific Hemp community and mother earth would also appreciate a donation to the Vavilov Project initiated by IHA to save the Worlds last remaining gene pool of this most valuable plant. Think about what you can do to help stop de-forestation, hunger, pollution, ozone layer, etc. In my opinion this is the most cost effective way to help our Planet heal and de-toxify ourselves. Your money will be used 100% for growing Hemp by non-profit organizations. What other earthsaving organization can make this kind of statement? (p.s. if you want to brush up on your gene pool knowledge click here!)
International Hemp Association Organization:
David P. Watson, Chairman
David W. Pate, Secretary
Robert C. Clarke, Projects Manager
Hayo van der Werf, Editor in Chief
Irene Bijl Treasurer
With contributions from various other Hemp experts around the World.
Hemp Culture Verbatim
extracted from "Fiber Wars" by David P. West, in
Hemp Today, E. Rosenthal, ed.
"In 1824, domestic hemp was pitted against Russian hemp by rigging the USS Constitution on one side with American and the other with Russian grown hemp, 'and after being thus worn for nearly a year, it was found, on examination, that the Russian rope, in every instance, after being much worn, looked better and wore more equally and evenly than the American.' But the commander said, 'the difference between them was not so great as to warrant a declaration that the proof was conclusive in favor of the Russian....'"
Dodge, C. A. 1896. A report on the culture of hemp and jute in the United States. USDA Office of Fiber Investigations. Report No. 8. p.15.
"The Federal Government in 1841 authorized a bounty, which allowed for the payment of not more than $280 per ton for American water-retted hemp, provided it was suitable for naval cordage. Many of the planters prepared large pools and water-retted the hemp they produced. But the work was so hard on Negroes that the practice was abandoned. Many Negroes died of pneumonia contracted from working in the hemp-pools in the winter, and the mortality became so great among hemp hands that the increase in value of the hemp did not equal the loss in Negroes."
Bidwell, P. W. and J. I. Falconer. 1941. History of Agriculture in the Northern United States: 1620-1860. Carnegie Inst. Washington, D.C. p.365.
"There is no reason why hemp culture should not extend over a dozen States and the product used in manufactures which now employ thousands of tons of imported fibers."
Dodge, C. A. 1890. The Hemp Industry. USDA Division of Statistics 1: 66.
"Several [varieties of hemp] are grown in this country, that cultivated in Kentucky and having a hollow stem, being the most common. China hemp, with slender stems, growing very erect, has a wide range of culture. Smyrna hemp is adapted to cultivation over a still wider range and Japanese hemp is beginning to be cultivated, particularly in California, where it reaches a height of 15 feet. Russian and Italian seed have been experimented with, but the former produces a short stalk, while the latter only grows to a medium height. A small quantity of Piedmontese hemp seed from Italy was distributed by the Department in 1893, having been received through the Chicago Exposition...."
Dodge, C. A. 1896. A report on the culture of hemp and jute in the United States. USDA Office of Fiber Investigations. Report No. 8. p.7.
"In Nebraska, where the [hemp] industry is being established, a new and important step has been taken in cutting the crop with an ordinary mowing machine. A simple attachment which bends the stalks over in the direction in which the machine is going facilitates the cutting...The cost of cutting hemp in this manner is 50 cents per acre, as compared with $3 to $4 per acre, the rates paid for cutting by hand in Kentucky."
USDA. 1902. USDA. Yearbook of Agric. p. 23.
"The most important fact to be recorded in connection with the hemp industry during the past year is the successful operation of a machine brake in the fields of Kentucky. This machine breaks the retted stalks and cleans the fiber, producing clean, straight fiber equal to the best grades prepared on hand brakes, and it has a capacity of 1000 pounds or more of clean fiber per hour. So far as we have any record, this is the first machine having sufficient capacity to be commercially practical that has cleaned bast fiber in an entirely satisfactory manner."
USDA. 1905 Report of Office of Fiber Investigations. Bureau of Plant Industry. p. 145.
"When the work with hemp was begun in Wisconsin, there were no satisfactory machines for harvesting, spreading, binding, or breaking. All of these processes were performed by hand. Due to such methods, the hemp industry in the United States had all but disappeared. As it was realized from the very beginning of the work in Wisconsin that no permanent progress could be made so long as it was necessary to depend upon hand labor, immediate attention was given to solving the problem of power machinery. Nearly every kind of hemp machine was studied and tested. The obstacles were great, but through the cooperation of experienced hemp men and one large harvesting machinery company, this problem has been nearly solved. The hemp crop can now be handled entirely by machinery."
Wright, Andrew. 1918. Wisconsin's Hemp Industry. Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin # 293. p.5.
"The organized hemp growers of Wisconsin, working in cooperation with the field agent of fiber investigations [Andrew Wright], have so improved the quality and standardized the grades of hemp fiber produced there that it has found a market even in dull times. The hemp acreage in that State has been kept up, although there has been a reduction in every other hemp-producing area throughout the world."
USDA. 1921. Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture: Hemp. p. 46.
"The crop of hemp-seed last fall, estimated at about 45,000 bushels, is the largest produced in the United States since 1859. A very large proportion of it was from improved strains developed by this bureau in the hemp seed selection plats at Arlington and Yarrow Farms."
USDA. Bureau of Plant Industry. 1917. Report of the Chief. p. 12.
"Early maturing varieties, chiefly of Italian origin, are being grown at Madison, Wisconsin, in cooperation with the Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station. This is the third year of selection for some varieties, and the results give promise of the successful production in that State of seed of hemp fully equal to the Ferrara of northern Italy."
USDA. Bureau of Plant Industry. 1918. Report of the Chief. p. 28.
"The second-generation hybrid Ferramington, combining the height and long internodes of Kymington with the earliness and heavy seed yield of Ferrara, gives promise of a good fiber type of hemp that may ripen seed as far north as Wisconsin."
USDA. Bureau of Plant Industry. 1919. Report of the Chief. p. 21.
"The work of breeding improved strains of hemp is being continued at Arlington Farm, Va., and all previous records were broken in the selection plats of 1919. The three best strains, Kymington, Chington and Tochimington, averaged, respectively, 14 feet 11 inches, 15 feet 5 inches, and 15 feet 9 inches, while the tallest individual plant was 19 feet. The improvement by selection is shown not alone in increased height but also in longer internodes, yielding fiber of better quality and increased quantity."
USDA. Bureau of Plant Industry. 1920. Report of the Chief. p. 26.
"In 1929 three selected varieties of hemp (Michigan Early, Chinamington and Simple Leaf) were grown in comparison with unselected common Kentucky seed near Juneau, Wis. Each of the varieties had been developed by 10 years or more of selection from the progeny of individual plants. The yields of fiber per acre were as follows: Simple Leaf, 360 pounds; Michigan Early, 694 pounds; Chinamington, 1054 pounds; common Kentucky, 680 pounds."
USDA. 1929. Bureau of Plant Industry, Annual Report. p. 27.
"The hemp breeding work, carried on by the Bureau for more than 20 years, was discontinued in 1933, but practical results are still evident in commercial fields. A hemp grower in Kentucky reported a yield of 1750 pounds per acre of clean, dew-retted fiber from 100 acres of the pedigreed variety Chinamington grown in 1934. This is more than twice the average yield obtained from ordinary unselected hemp seed."
USDA. 1935. Annual Reports of the Department of Agriculture, p.6.
Do you know more about this? e-mail me at Matthew@HempWorld.com
USA get a clue Department
Gotta love DuPont et. al. after all those years the results are definitely in:
N.Y. Times News Service
WASHINGTON -- The rate of cancer among American children has been rising for decades. Although the reasons remain unclear, many experts suspect the increase may be partly the result of growing exposure to new chemicals in the environment.
That suspicion, while still unproved, is beginning to shape federal research priorities and environmental strategies.
Depending on which types of cancer are counted, and in what age groups among the nation's youth, the rate of increase has amounted to nearly 1 percent a year, according to the National Cancer Institute.
Over a few decades, that has meant striking double-digit increases.
Childhood cancer is still far less common than cancer in adults, and its very rarity makes it especially hard to discern what might be causing the increase. Its creeping spread has also been masked by better news, as recent medical gains have made it much more likely that a child with cancer will survive.
But childhood cancer, even when its young victims are cured, can inflict wrenching costs on children and their families, whether its toll is measured in financial, emotional or physical terms. Patients can suffer permanently from brain damage, stunted growth or secondary cancers later in life, partly as a result of radiation and chemical therapies.
And today, according to experts in the field, a newborn child faces a risk of about 1 in 600 of contracting cancer by age 10.
In the United States, cancer is diagnosed each year in an estimated 8,000 children below the age of 15. Cancer, although it kills fewer children than accidents do, is the most common form of fatal childhood disease, accounting for about 10 percent of all deaths in childhood.
The increases surprise even people who are predisposed to think the worst about the ill effects of chemical pollution.
``I had not realized that the numbers were going up that way,'' said Karen Florini, a lawyer specializing in health issues at the Environmental Defense Fund. ``I think it indicates a very disturbing trend that we had better get to the bottom of.''
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in boys and girls increased 27 percent between 1973 and 1990; since then, the rate in boys has declined, but it is still rising in girls. Brain cancer, or glioma, increased nearly 40 percent from 1973 to 1994. These two forms of cancer account for most of the disease in children.
Other forms of cancer, such as the form of bone cancer called osteogenic sarcoma and the kidney cancer known as Wilms' tumor, have also been rising, although the numbers of cases remain so small that the trends may not be statistically significant.
The increases are big enough that better diagnosis and reporting of the diseases are unlikely to be the principal explanation, experts say; childhood cancer is such a serious ailment that it is usually detected.
Although the causes are not known and are probably many, some experts say, toxins in the air, food, dust, soil and drinking water are prime suspects.
So with the Clinton administration putting a high priority on issues of children's health and the environment, and with Congress last year overwhelmingly approving new laws taking children's exposures into account when setting standards for pesticide residues in food and contaminants in drinking water, federal authorities are moving to review the epidemiological data much more closely and to review environmental regulations that may help fight the trend.
At a meeting in Washington two weeks ago, a team assembled by the Environmental Protection Agency drafted a research plan that could steer millions of dollars toward better understanding the problem, beginning next year.
``The increases are too rapid to reflect genetic changes, and better diagnostic detection is not a likely explanation,'' said Dr. Philip Landrigan, a pediatrician who directs the division of environmental medicine at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City and who is the senior adviser to a new office of children's health at the EPA ``The strong probability exists that environmental factors are playing a role.''
Not all environmental factors involve pollution. Landrigan said that changes in life style, especially diet, must also be considered and may play some role. Viruses may be implicated in some cancers, but there is scant evidence.
Instead, he and many other experts are inclined to examine the estimated 75,000 new synthetic chemicals introduced in the last half century, the emissions from cars, the pesticides in foods and in neighborhoods, the runoffs in drinking water -- the whole collection of chemicals out there, mostly untested for toxicity to humans, let alone for possible cancerous effects in children.
If their suspicions prove to be well founded -- and that could take many years to determine -- it could usher in a new generation of tighter controls on pesticides, toxic wastes and other chemicals based on the theory that it may take less of a carcinogen to afflict a child or a fetus, that their health may be affected by combinations of chemicals and that their needs ought to come first in dictating pollution controls.
But first, an expansion of federally supported research is likely.
``I'm talking about new research on air pollutants, water pollutants and pesticides and their effects on children,'' said Carol Browner, the administrator of the EPA, ``and new testing guidelines that routinely incorporate children's issues into EPA's risk assessments. I'm talking about moving beyond the chemical-by-chemical approaches of the past, and instead looking at a child's total cumulative risk from all exposures to toxic chemicals.''
This story © San Jose Mercury News 1997
Hemp Hemp Horay?
Hemp facts and links related to USA:
In 1860, 50% of all American jobs were in farming. Today its only 3%! (source Inv. Buss. Daily)
Nafta Panel Says Smog Still A Problem in US and Canadian Cities:
Canada and the U.S. must work together if they are to control the smog that threatens many city dwellers, a new report concludes.
Health standards for smog are being exceeded in large areas of both countries, said the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, set up as part of NAFTA.
The reported listed two ''pollution rivers'' that carry ground-level ozone across the border.
Date: 11/12/97, (C) Copyright 1997 Investors Business Daily, Inc. USA get a clue!
See events page or answer 20.
Subject: Re: More info for posting on HempCyberFarm?
Date: 02 Apr 1997 09:56:09 GMT
From: "Monson, David C" NOTES.DMONSON@RANCH.STATE.ND.US
I really have no news to add except that I am looking for private funds to help expand the research required in my bill. As it ended up, there was no money in it to help NDSU with the cost of the research. As a result, it will probably be little more than a graduate student working over the internet on it. The original fiscal note was $75,000 to plant test plots, build security fences, get other security measures, and perhaps even hire security guards. That was stripped out of it when it became evident that the bill would not pass with that much money in it. There was another bill that was expected to pass our legislature that had $300,000 in it for all alternative crop studies. I was told I should let my bill die since it was rather controversial and just tack it on to that generic bill. Fortunately I resisted that since that bill died and mine went through. I promised that I would try to find other sources of income, so if you can help me out on spreading the word I'd appreciate it.
See Hemp Cultivation in New England!
Do you know more about this? e-mail us at Matthew@HempWorld.com
*Industrial-Hemp has no psychoactive properties following definition of the European Economic Community (EEC); THC content is less than 0.3%. In general, low THC-seed varieties without psychoactive properties are those that have a THC content of less than 1%. (See also No-THC Hemp-seed.) THC= Delta-9 TetraHydroCannabinol.
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